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Active and Passive Voice :
In a sentence, when the subject acts, the verb is said to be in Active Voice, but when the subject is passive and receives action, the verb is said to be in Passive Voice
e.g. (i) Krishna writes a letter
This sentence indicates that the subject ‘Krishna’ does something. So, it is in Active Voice.
(ii) A letter is written by Krishna
In this sentence, the verb ‘written’ indicates that something is done by Krishna. So, the verb here is in Passive Voice.